What is Civil Engineering?
Civil Engineering focuses on the infrastructural framework of entire nation which includes Water works, Dams, Power Plants, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Dams, Industrial Plant Buildings, Railroads, Highways, and Bridges etc. Civil Engineering also deals with the design, maintenance and construction of physically built environment. Various branches of engineering have become recognized as distinct from civil engineering.
What a civil engineer does?
Civil Engineers are responsible for designing, maintaining and construction of public works like Roads, Bridges, buildings, power plants etc. Civil Engineers also work with architect firms, construction firms, government buildings like police stations and fire stations.
How to become a Civil Engineer?
If you are planning or you have decided to become a civil engineer then you have two options.
- Either you can complete a three year diploma course after class 10th or
- You can go for a four years degree course after class 12th. After completion of a degree course you can go for a master course in civil engineering.
If you are going to apply for a degree course, you have to qualify an entrance exam either on a national level or on the state level. However some institutes take admission directly. Your performance in 10+2 could also be considered.
Is it the right career option?
If we talk about the career option in Civil Engineering then no need to worry about your career because we can see that constructions, Roads, buildings, power and energy sectors are growing with rapid speed and there will be huge demands of Civil Engineers.
As the statistics shows that Civil Engineering is the only branch of engineering which has less unemployment than other engineering branches. After earning Civil engineering degree graduates have many sectors to get a good job such as design, planning, construction and execution etc. you can choose your field of interest to work in. So, don’t be disheartened about your career.
Job Opportunities after Completing Civil Engineering Course
There is huge demand of civil engineers in India and there are great opportunities for civil engineers in private and government sectors. There are many job prospects in many departments for civil engineers; some of them are listed below:
- Indian Railway
- Indian Army
- Ministry of road &railways transport
You can also go in teaching or research profession but you need to complete your master degree in Civil Engineering if want to successfully pursue your career in teaching or research field.
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