About Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is the second oldest engineering course after military engineering, this discipline of engineering deals with the maintenance, construction, and design of the physically built structures and also the natural structures such as canals, dams, bridges, flyovers, parks, roads and many other structures. These engineers have to perform an uphill task by maintaining the physical structures or design a new map for a new construction and thereafter they have to construct the layout or design in real, it could be any road, wall, house, building, school, college, institution, hospital, canal, dam, bridge, flyover and many more other constructions.
To do a civil engineering course you have various options but mainly there are two one is degree course and the other is diploma, both the programs are classified further in undergraduate and postgraduate programs, every program carries different eligibility criteria for itself but it can differ from university to university, institute to institute and college to college.
Civil Engineering Degree Programs
There are too many options available under the civil engineering degree program, some of them are discussed below:
M. Sc. (Master of Science) in Engineering is a 2 year-long postgraduate degree course and it is a purely theoretical and pure knowledge base course it is designed to give you the pure knowledge of engineering on postgraduate level. You need to be a graduate as B Sc, BE or B Tech to do this course.
M. Sc. (Master of Science) in Technology is also a 2 year-long postgraduate course, this is also an engineering course but its core focus is on technology and provides pure knowledge about technology. You need to be a graduate as B Sc, BE or B Tech to do this course.
B. Sc. (Bachelor of Science) in Engineering is a 3 year-long undergraduate course in engineering just like M Sc in Engineering and focuses more on engineering. You need to be 12th passed with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) to do this course.
B Sc (Bachelor of Science) in Technology is a 3 year-long undergraduate course in technology just like M Sc in Technology. You need to be 12th passed with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Maths) to do this course.
ME (Master of Engineering) is a 2 year-long postgraduate degree course in applied engineering and its techniques, it is a blend of pure knowledge and practical knowledge of engineering to tackle the daily engineering challenges. You need to be a graduate as BE or B Tech to do this course.
M Tech (Master of Technology) is also a 2 year long post graduate degree course in applied technology used in engineering, as it is used to modify the already built structures. You need to be a graduate as BE or B Tech to do this course.
BE (Bachelor of Engineering) is a 4 year long under graduate degree course in applied engineering, just like ME. You need to be 12th passed with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Maths) to do this course.
B Tech (Bachelor of Technology) is also a 4 year long under graduate degree course in applied technology, just like M Tech. You need to be 12th passed with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Maths) to do this course.
Civil Engineering Diploma Programs
Post Graduate Diploma in Engineering is the post graduate diploma course in engineering, its time limit is ranging from 1 year to 2 years in different institutes, it provides practical knowledge of engineering to tackle the challenges. Some institutes offers this course to 12th passed students with PCM while some offers to the graduates from any stream
Post Graduate Diploma in Technology is also a post graduate diploma course in technology, time span and eligibility is quite similar to Post Graduate Diploma in Engineering
Diploma in Engineering is an undergraduate diploma course in engineering and it is 3 to 4 years long course, you have to be 10th passed with Maths, English, and Science as your subjects or 12th passed.
Diploma in Technology is also an undergraduate diploma course in technology its time period and eligibility are quite similar to Diploma in Engineering.
Sub Disciplines of Civil Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering is the study of fundamental characteristics of materials and deals with ceramics like concretes to build blocks for buildings, flyovers, roads, etc.
Coastal Engineering is related to the study of management of coastal areas, like defense against soil erosion, flood, etc.
Construction Engineering is concerned with design, development, reviewing and drafting of civil engineering structures, such as buildings, flyovers etc. It involves planning and execution, transportation of materials, site development based on hydraulic, environmental, structural and geotechnical engineering
Earthquake Engineering is concerned with the confirmation to the structure that it is earthquake-proof after reviewing and checking all aspects such as how prone the area is to the earthquake, the quality of soil, the quality of material used and many other aspects.
Environmental Engineering deals with the management of wastes to make the environment clean by doing, air purification, water purification, disposal of waste materials so that they can’t do any harm to the environment, it includes the treatment of all chemical, biological and physical wastes.
Geotechnical Engineering is concerned with the study of different types of rocks and soils and its knowledge is to integrate with the knowledge of materials science, mechanics and hydraulics applied together to design structures.
Water Resources Engineering deals with the collection and management of water by maintaining both the quality and quantity both under the ground and over the ground.
Structural Engineering deals with the designing, developing, reviewing, analyzing and drafting of civil structures such as buildings, flyovers, roads, dams and many more.
Surveying used to measure the dimensions and measurements on the surface of Earth by using various tools and equipments and then the data will further be used by civil engineers to construct new structures.
Transportation Engineering is concerned with the movement of peoples and goods from one place to other in an effective, efficient and safe manner by constructing roads, bridges, flyovers etc.
Forensic Engineering is concerned with the investigation of objects that failed to operate or harmed to any people or a community or to any property or asset.
Municipal or Urban Engineering deals with the maintenance of all municipal structures and constructions such as streets, sewers, street lights and many more.
Control Engineering deals with the application of control theory to design systems with desired behaviors.
As we all know that civil engineering is the second oldest discipline of engineering and it is one of those disciplines which is required in human being’s life, so the need of civil engineers will never die, so if you are planning to be a civil engineer then go for it.